Military * Engineering * Sports * Entertainment * Leadership To Launch Black Freedom & Equity Day, Dec 6th, 2021
Military Paul Williams Sports
1619 – 2008 1619 The first African American indentured servants arrive in the American colonies. Less than a decade later, the first slaves are brought into New Amsterdam (later, New York City).
By 1690, every colony has slaves.
1739 The Stono Rebellion, one of the earliest slave revolts, occurs in Stono, South Carolina.
The Revolution * The Black Military Timeline in 2-Minutes
1793 Eli Whitney’s (1765 – 1825) cotton gin increases the need for slaves.
1808 Congress bans further importation of slaves.
1814 The Siege on Capital Hill By The British During The War of 1812
1831 In Boston, William Lloyd Garrison (1805 – 1879) begins publication of the anti-slavery newspaper the Liberator and becomes a leading voice in the Abolitionist movement.
1831 – 1861 Approximately 75,000 slaves escape to the North using the Underground Railroad. 1846 Ex-slave Frederick Douglass (1818 – 1895) publishes the anti-slavery North Star newspaper.
1848 Augustus Saint Gaudens (1848 – 1907) is born in Ireland. His family soon emigrates to the United States.
1849 Harriet Tubman (c. 1820 – 1913) escapes from slavery and becomes an instrumental leader of the Underground Railroad. 1850 Congress passes another Fugitive Slave Act, which mandates government participation in the capture of escaped slaves. Boston citizens, including some of the wealthiest, storm a federal courthouse in an attempt to free escaped Virginia slave Anthony Burns (1834 – 1862).
1857 The Dred Scot v. Sanford case: congress does not have the right to ban slavery in the states; slaves are not citizens. 1860 Abraham Lincoln (1809 – 1865) is elected president, angering the southern states.
Untitled from kevin clark on Vimeo.
1863 Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation proclaims that all slaves in rebellious territories are forever free. 1863 Massachusetts 54th regiment of African American troops led by Colonel Robert Gould Shaw (1837 – 1863) marches out of Boston on May 28th, heading into combat.
1865 The Civil War ends. Lincoln is assassinated. Seventeen-year-old Augustus Saint Gaudens is so moved by the sight of Lincoln’s body lying in state that he views it twice.
History Vs. Hollywood, Kareem Abdul Jabbar, National Park Service
Buffalo Soldiers – Glory Clip from kevin clark on Vimeo.
The 13th Amendment to the Constitution, prohibiting slavery, is ratified. The era of Reconstruction begins. December 6th, 1985
Paul William Timeline https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/
Portraits In Black Anthony Powell, The Indian Wars-Buffalo Soldiers
Lecture on Buffalo Soldiers by Anthony Powell from kevin clark on Vimeo.
1866 The “Black Codes” are passed by all white legislators of the former Confederate States. Congress passes the Civil Rights Act, conferring citizenship on African Americans and granting them equal rights to whites. The Ku Klux Klan is formed in Tennessee.
1868 The 14th Amendment is ratified, defining citizenship. This overturns the Dred Scot decision. 1870 The 15th Amendment is ratified, giving African Americans the right to vote.
1877 The era of Reconstruction ends. A deal is made with southern democratic leaders which makes Rutherford B. Hayes (1822 – 1893) president in exchange for the withdrawal of federal troops from the South, and puts an end to efforts to protect the civil rights of African Americans.
1879 Thousands of African Americans migrate out of the South to escape oppression.
1881 Tennessee passes the first of the “Jim Crow” segregation laws, segregating state railroads. Similar laws are passed over the next 15 years throughout the Southern states. 1887 Augustus Saint Gaudens unveils the “Standing Lincoln” statue in Lincoln Park, Chicago.
1896 Plessy v. Ferguson case: racial segregation is ruled constitutional by the Supreme Court. The “Jim Crow” (“separate but equal”) laws begin, barring African Americans from equal access to public facilities.
1897 Augustus Saint Gaudens unveils the Shaw Memorial in Boston Common.
Building LA https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1902/
Master Paul Williams graduates https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1908/
Walter Howard Loving, & Symphony Plays The White House Innauguraton , 1909 & Tours The World.
Buffalo Soldier from kevin clark on Vimeo.
Frank Loyd Wright https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1909/#american-architecture
Paul Williams Interns https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1912/
HACK HONORABLE MENTION https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1918/
Jack Johnson Becomes First Black Heavy Weight Champ 1908-19-15
WINS COMPETITION https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1919/
LA AT A GLANCE https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1920s/
Fritz Pollard, First Black Professional Football Player
YMCA BUILT https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1926/
STYLE IMPRINTED https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1927/
HOLLYWOOD BEGINS https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1930s/
INTERIOR DECORATION https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1930/
LA TIMES https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1934/
Jesse Owens, Berlin XI Olympiad
1936 “Green Book” was first published in 1936 by Hugo Victor Green of New York City.
I AM A NEGRO https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1937/
Joe Louis Becomes Heavy Weight Champ 1937-54
World War II Begins Tuskegee Airmen
MILITARY CONTRIBUTIONS https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1943/
Jackie Robinson Breaks The Color Barrier In MLB
EBONY MAG. https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1949/
Korean War Begins, U.S. Military Desegregated
Charlie Sifford – First Black Golfer in the PGA
1954 Brown v. Board of Education case: strikes down segregation as unconstitutional. 1955 In Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks (1913 – 2005) is arrested for breaking a city ordinance by refusing to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man. This defiant act gives initial momentum to the Civil Rights Movement.
JET MAGAZINE https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1954/
60’s AT A GLANCE https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1960s/
Mahamud Ali (Cassius Clay) Win Gold Medal Rome Olympics
RONALD REGAN https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1961/
ST JUDE HOSPITAL https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1962/
EBONY MAG. https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1963/
TIMES MAN OF THE YEAR https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1964/
1965 The Voting Rights Act is passed, outlawing the practices used in the South to disenfranchise African American voters.
1967 Edward W. Brooke (1919 – ) becomes the first African American U.S. Senator since Reconstruction. He serves two terms as a Senator from Massachusetts.
DESIGNERS WEST https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1967/
1968 Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. 2008 Barack Obama (1961 – ) becomes the first African American to win the U.S. presidential race.
70’s AT A GLANCE https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1970s/
50th Year Anniversary https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1970/
ST. JUDES HOSPITAL * https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1972/
USC HONORS https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1973/
Juneteenth Is Recognized As A State Holiday In Texas For First Time
Buffalo Soldiers outdoor exhibit from kevin clark on Vimeo.
War In The Middle East > Iraq>Afghanistan
HIS FINAL BREATH https://www.paulrwilliamsproject.org/education/timeline/1980/#news-at-the-time
1992 Rodney King Riots, Paul RevereWilliams Artifacts lost in fire
2008 Barack Obama becomes the first African American to win the U.S. presidential race.
The Fallen 66 Project, Tuskegee Airmen Red Tails
Georg Lucas Unlocks The Fallen 66 Cold Case Files from kevin on Vimeo.
2020 COVID-19 Pandemic overtakes the world
2020 George Floyd is Killed in Minneapolis
2020 KAMALA HARRIS becomes First Black Female Vice President Elect
2020 Major League Baseball Recognizes The Negro League
2021Red Sox hire Bianca Smith for minor league team, first Black woman to coach in pro baseball
2021 Raphael Warnock, first Black from Georgia elected to U.S. Senate
2021 The Siege On Capitol Hill By President Trump Supporters.
2021 KAMALA HARRIS is installed as First Black Female Vice President